Key metricsKey metrics
Asset TypeAsset TypePlatform
Project StatusProject StatusWorking Product
TeamTeamDecentralised + Foundation
SectorSectorSmart Contracts
Funds raisedFunds raised18,3M
CountryCountryNorth America
Key personKey personVitalik Buterin

Ethereum (ETH) Information{coin_name} ({symbol}) Information

Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party interference.

Ethereum is an open-source, public, blockchain-based distributed computing platform and operating system featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality. Ether is a cryptocurrency whose blockchain is generated by the Ethereum platform. Ether can be transferred between accounts and used to compensate participant mining nodes for computations performed. Ethereum provides a decentralized Turing-complete virtual machine, the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), which can execute scripts using an international network of public nodes. "Gas", an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to mitigate spam and allocate resources on the network.
Decentralised Team
There are several teams that develop clients for Ethereum, such as Geth (Reference client in go) and Parity.
Utility of the coin/token
Smart Contract Platform

Team OverviewTeam Overview

Vitalik Buterin

Vitalik is the creator of Ethereum. He first discovered blockchain and cryptocurrency technologies through Bitcoin in 2011, and was immediately excited by the technology and its potential. He cofounded Bitcoin Magazine in September 2011, and after two and a half years looking at what the existing blockchain technology and applications had to offer, wrote the Ethereum white paper in November 2013. He now leads Ethereum's research team, working on future versions of the Ethereum protocol.

Patrick Storchenegger

Patrick Storchenegger is an attorney at law and notary public in Canton Zug, the so-called "Crypto-Valley" in Switzerland. He has many years of experience in international tax and business consultancy, company and capital market law. He advises several international concerns, including those engaged in trading, re-insurance, transportation and blockchain technology as well as donating pro bono services to charitable organisations.

Jeffrey Wilcke
Founder and Go-Ethereum Lead

Jeff is one of the founders of Ethereum. He started the first implementation of Ethereum using the Go programming language in 2013 and has been the Go team lead and head developer ever since. The Go client launched successfully on July 30, 2015, marking the release of the genesis block and Ethereum platform.

Aya Miyaguchi
Executive Director

Aya is a veteran of the blockchain space and was most recently the Managing Director of Kraken Japan. She brings many years of organizational leadership experience to the table and has a passion for non-profits and social enterprise. We feel fortunate to have her join us and welcome her warmly to her new role.

Yoichi Hirai
Formal Verification Engineer

Yoichi Hirai is a Formal Verification Engineer at Ethereum Foundation.

Alex Leverington
Core Developer
Zach Lebeau
Conceptualist at ConsenSys

At 17, Zach took part in an expedition to the Amazon rainforest. For two months he traveled 1,100 miles on the Napo, Yasuni and Amazon rivers assisting with various research projects and interacting with indigenous tribes. The experience left a powerful impression on Zach and he spent the next 15 years living and traveling abroad to more than 50 countries on 5 continents. Growing into adulthood "on the road", Zach became familiar with various international business structures and practices, finding a way to meld his artistic pursuits with his commercial ones. He wrote his first novel, MONKEY ME, solo sailing thousands of miles in the Caribbean and produced several music albums in Europe. He and DJ Vajdai Vilmos were the first to fuse Hungarian folk and electronica to critical acclaim with their debut album ETCHNO. Their follow up hit, ROMANO TRIP- the fusion of electronica with Gypsy folk- sold from New York to Tokyo and established a new world sound. Zach also launched an animated television series on prime-time Hungarian television which was later spun into a movie that reached number 1 at the box office there. He then went to work for the Crystal Group of Companies, an international development conglomerate, where he oversaw the management of various industrial and commercial properties in the countries of Ghana, UAE and the Caribbean islands of Antigua and Dominica. He was also a principle in an alternative energy start-up in West Africa. Moving back to the United States at 32, Zach wrote and directed his first feature film, THE SCIENTIST, starring Bill Sage. He then launched a women's luxury clothing line, building the brand from 4 stores to 110 throughout the United States and Canada. Selling his fashion interest in 2014, Zach moved to New York to become part of the decentralization movement, produce an independent film he wrote entitled ZORRA starring Ben Kingsley and launch the epic sci-fi fantasy adventure series SINGULAR.

Virgil Griffith
Research Scientist
Alexandre Van de Sande
UX Designer

Alexandre Van de Sande is UX Designer at Ethereum. Both a designer and a frontend developer, he involve himself with whole life cycle of projects, from concept to execution. Prior Ethereum, he used to work with Dujour (fashion app) and Kinda Connected as co-founder, also with Bolsa de Mulher as applications designer. He bears a degree in product and graphic design.


Ethereum Foundation

Company NumberCompany Number UID: CHE292124800
Zeughausgasse 7A, 6300 Zug

Questions and AnswersQuestions and Answers

What is Ether?
Ether is a necessary element — a fuel — for operating the distributed application platform Ethereum. It is a form of payment made by the clients of the platform to the machines executing the requested operations. To put it another way, ether is the incentive ensuring that developers write quality applications (wasteful code costs more), and that the network remains healthy (people are compensated for their contributed resources).
Is the ether supply infinite?
No. According to the terms agreed by all parties on the 2014 presale, issuance of ether is capped at 18 million ether per year (this number equals 25% of the initial supply). This means that while the absolute issuance is fixed, the relative inflation is decreased every year. In theory, if this issuance was kept indefinitely then at some point the rate of new tokens created every year would reach the average amount lost yearly (by misuse, accidental key lost, the death of holders etc) and there would reach an equilibrium. But the rate is not expected to be kept: sometime in 2018-2019 Ethereum will be switched from Proof of Work to a new consensus algorithm under development, called Casper that is expected to be more efficient and require less mining subsidy. The exact method of issuance and which function it will serve is an area of active research, but what can be guaranteed now is that (1) the current maximum is considered a ceiling and the new issuance under casper will not exceed it (and is expected to be much less) and (2) whatever method is ultimately picked to issue, it will be a decentralized smart contract that will not give preferential treatment to any particular group of people and whose purpose is to benefit the overall health and security of the network.
Who needs ether?
Developers who intend to build apps that will use the ethereum blockchain. Users who want to access and interact with smart contracts on the ethereum blockchain.
What's the relationship between bitcoin and ether?
Ethereum would never be possible without bitcoin—both the technology and the currency—and we see ourselves not as a competing currency but as complementary within the digital ecosystem. Ether is to be treated as "crypto-fuel", a token whose purpose is to pay for computation, and is not intended to be used as or considered a currency, asset, share or anything else.
What are Smart Contracts?
The basic function that powers applications and programs built on Ethereum is called smart contracts. Smart contracts are digital agreements that execute automatically based on real-world inputs in data. It’s best to think of them is an “If-then statement.” IF condition A exists, THEN perform function B.
What is a dApp?
dApp is the abbreviated term for decentralized application. Just as any developer can build apps for the App Store on Apple’s IOS operating system, developers can (also) build on top of Ethereum’s blockchain infrastructure. To the end user, a dApp might not look and feel any different than other apps you use today. However, dApps are powered by the blockchain; and this makes them different – and perhaps.. far superior.
Ether as a commodity vs a currency?
The reason why Ether is more of a commodity than a currency is that the same underlying principles of supply/demand economics that apply to commodities like oil and gas also apply to Ether. Oil is valuable because it powers many of the things we use in our everyday life – it heats our homes and powers our engines. Since Ether is useful, exchangeable and transferable – certain merchants are also starting to accept it as a currency.


Key metricsKey metrics
ProofProofProof of work

Source Code Repositories

ethereum/go-ethereum 23644 Stars 444 Contributers 548 Open Issues

Official Go implementation of the Ethereum protocol

ethereum/wiki 12402 Stars 202 Contributers 31 Open Issues

The Ethereum Wiki

ethereum/web3.js 8069 Stars 234 Contributers 151 Open Issues

Ethereum JavaScript API


Supply Economics
After the Constantinople hard fork in February 2019, the reward for each new block was reduced from 3 ETH to 2 ETH. Uncle blocks can also receive a partial block reward. Changes to the block reward are expected in the future and certainly when/if Ethereum switches to Proof of Stake.
Tradeable CoinsTradeable Coins
98,196,384 (92% of total) ({tradeable_of_total} of total)

Rich List Addresses holding the largest balances

AddressAddress AmountAmount NameName
0xc02aaa39b223fe8d0a0e5c4f27ead9083c756cc2 1,948,050.6218766 Wrapped Ether (Contract)
0x742d35cc6634c0532925a3b844bc454e4438f44e 1,654,290.7537079 Bitfinex 5
0x4e9ce36e442e55ecd9025b9a6e0d88485d628a67 1,556,087.5407412 Binance 6
0x53d284357ec70ce289d6d64134dfac8e511c8a3d 1,378,754.1430681 Kraken 6
0x66f820a414680b5bcda5eeca5dea238543f42054 1,300,001.6089425 Bittrex 3
0xab7c74abc0c4d48d1bdad5dcb26153fc8780f83e 999,999.0124631 (Contract)
0x61edcdf5bb737adffe5043706e7c5bb1f1a56eea 895,999.00001 Gemini 3 (Contract)
0xfca70e67b3f93f679992cd36323eeb5a5370c8e4 886,999.8949164
0x030e37ddd7df1b43db172b23916d523f1599c6cb 860,000.5785709
0xdc76cd25977e0a5ae17155770273ad58648900d3 850,860.6419688 Huobi 6
0xe853c56864a2ebe4576a807d26fdc4a0ada51919 801,052.7999597 Kraken 3
0x7ef35bb398e0416b81b019fea395219b65c52164 784,747.831025
0x229b5c097f9b35009ca1321ad2034d4b3d5070f6 657,334.1426768
0xde0b295669a9fd93d5f28d9ec85e40f4cb697bae 611,538.0785747 EthDev (Contract)
0x1b3cb81e51011b549d78bf720b0d924ac763a7c2 560,000.00001
0x51f9c432a4e59ac86282d6adab4c2eb8919160eb 530,000.0000101
0x847ed5f2e5dde85ea2b685edab5f1f348fb140ed 483,000.096359
0x74660414dfae86b196452497a4332bd0e6611e82 475,000
0x07ee55aa48bb72dcc6e9d78256648910de513eca 472,524.2005676 (Contract)
0x267be1c1d684f78cb4f6a176c4911b741e4ffdc0 460,547.3086407 Kraken 4

Exchange Markets

ExchangeExchange MarketMarket PricePrice DiffDiff Volume 24hVolume 24h SpreadSpread Spread $1kSpread $1k
Binance ETH/USDT $309.64 -0.25% $130,493,957 0.04% 0.06%
Bitfinex ETH/BUSD $310.42 0% $107,662,015 0% 0%
Binance ETH/BTC $310.71 0.09% $64,071,282 0.02% 0.02%
Coinbase Pro ETH/USD $309.79 -0.21% $47,436,448 0.03% 0.03%
Upbit ETH/KRW $314.85 1.4% $34,323,502 0.12% 0.12%
Kraken ETH/USD $308.50 -0.62% $24,497,915 0.01% 0.02% ETH/USDT $310.08 -0.11% $22,401,255 0.12% 0.12%
Kraken ETH/EUR $309.90 -0.17% $16,871,416 0% 0%
Bitfinex ETH/BTC $310.44 0.01% $16,631,598 0.04% 0.05%
Bitstamp ETH/USD $309.45 -0.32% $13,292,987 0.13% 0.18%
Coinbase Pro ETH/BTC $310.52 0.03% $10,053,449 0.07% 0.11%
CoinOne ETH/KRW $315.02 1.5% $8,243,570 0.01% 0.06%
Coinbase Pro ETH/EUR $310.28 -0.05% $6,316,084 0.13% 0.14%
Binance BNB/ETH $310.91 0.16% $5,027,176 0.13% 0.26%
Binance ETH/PAX $309.99 -0.14% $4,955,984 0.09% 0.09%
Bitfinex ETH/BEUR $310.42 0% $4,067,938 0% 0%
Kraken ETH/BTC $310.19 -0.08% $3,582,049 0.04% 0.07%
Bitstamp ETH/EUR $310.70 0.09% $3,073,807 0.27% 0.27%
Poloniex ETH/BTC $310.60 0.06% $3,043,335 0.11% 0.12%
Gemini ETH/USD $309.60 -0.27% $2,969,742 0.1% 0.12%
Binance TRX/ETH $310.90 0.15% $2,891,129 0.21% 0.22%
Binance ETH/USDC $309.77 -0.21% $2,833,913 0.16% 0.17%
itBit ETH/USD $309.70 -0.23% $2,785,638 0.02% 0.02%
Bitfinex EOS/ETH $310.91 0.16% $2,544,326 0.17% 0.18%
Binance ETH/TUSD $307.68 -0.89% $2,449,524 0.26% 0.27%
Bittrex ETH/BTC $310.28 -0.05% $2,167,854 0.09% 0.13%
Bitstamp ETH/BTC $310.44 0% $2,058,906 0.25% 0.25%
Binance EOS/ETH $310.91 0.16% $2,011,950 0.18% 0.22%
Poloniex ETH/USDT $309.93 -0.16% $1,986,184 0.04% 0.04%
Binance XRP/ETH $310.91 0.16% $1,872,471 0.11% 0.26%
Coinbase Pro ETH/GBP $310.24 -0.06% $1,648,174 0.29% 0.34%
Binance LINK/ETH $310.91 0.16% $1,515,084 0.47% 0.68%
Binance ADA/ETH $310.91 0.16% $1,478,037 0.31% 0.48%
Binance HOT/ETH $310.98 0.18% $1,431,729 0.17% 0.33%
BTCTurk ETH/TRY $310.61 0.06% $1,386,362 0.28% 0.34%
Bitfinex ETH/BJPY $310.42 0% $1,373,471 0% 0%
Binance LTC/ETH $310.91 0.16% $1,352,597 0.1% 0.17%
Bittrex ETH/USD $309.35 -0.35% $1,299,731 0.3% 0.3%
Binance NEO/ETH $310.91 0.16% $1,295,725 0.36% 0.4%
Bittrex ETH/USDT $310.16 -0.09% $1,108,979 0.02% 0.16%
Binance NPXS/ETH $310.99 0.18% $948,227 0.34% 0.68%
Indodax ETH/IDR $313.51 0.99% $833,357 0.02% 0.02%
Binance AE/ETH $310.91 0.16% $775,780 0.79% 1.8%
Zaif ETH/JPY $308.95 -0.47% $774,286 0.12% 0.35%
Binance WAVES/ETH $310.91 0.16% $752,861 0.14% 0.46%
Coinbase Pro ETH/USDC $310.05 -0.12% $747,258 0.17% 0.17%
BTC Markets ETH/AUD $311.70 0.41% $737,292 0.21% 0.22%
Binance VET/ETH $311.44 0.33% $602,097 0.21% 0.51%
Binance GVT/ETH $310.91 0.16% $571,603 0.5% 3.5%
Gemini ETH/BTC $311.62 0.38% $554,261 0.14% 0.18%

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This information is provided AS IS and is not adviceThis information is provided AS IS and is not advice. May contain errors or omissions. Please always do your own research before trading.May contain errors or omissions. Please always do your own research before trading.